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Referencing: Home

Referencing is a way of showing the reader that the information you included in your assignment is supported by research. Referencing enables you to show what you have researched, how you have used it, and how others may locate it.

At CCT College Dublin, Harvard Referencing is the 'house style'. Every assignment you submit that has a written/research component should be in the Harvard Referencing Style. The good news is that Harvard Referencing is a neat and consistent style of referencing that you will become quickly used to. It is also known as the 'author/date' system and this gives a clue as to its structure. 

You can either refer to the CCT Harvard Referencing Guide to learn how to format your references manually or use a reference management software, such as Zotero. 

You must take referencing very seriously. Failure to do so is considered a breach of college regulations and is treated accordingly.

Feel free to contact the College Librarian, Debora, at debora@cct.ie if you need assistance with referencing. 

If you use ChatGPT or another generative AI to assist in generating ideas or planning your process, it is important to acknowledge the tool's usage, even if you do not incorporate any AI-generated content into the assignment. 

Please add a statement to the cover page of your submission indicating whether you have used AI tools and providing a brief explanation of how they were employed.

'I acknowledge the use of [AI tool] for the purpose of [provide a brief explanation of how you used the tool]'.

For example:

'I acknowledge the use of Grammarly for the purpose of improving spelling and grammar'.

Alternatively, if you haven't used any AI tools or technologies in preparing this assessment, you can include the following statement on the cover page:

'I have not used any AI tools or technologies in the preparation of this assessment'.

These statements have already been added to the standard cover page available for download at:https://library.cct.ie/forms_and_templates/download .

If you have used AI-generated content to inform a particular section of an assignment, you should cite its use as though you are referencing any other resource such as a journal article or book. 

You should then provide an appendix that shows the prompt you used, and text generated by the AI tool as evidence. In some instances, the URL link for a session can be generated by the AI.

For example, in Chat GPT you can get the URL for your session via the ‘share link’ function. You can learn how to access the ‘share link’ function at this link: https://help.openai.com/en/articles/7925741-chatgpt-shared-links-faq.

If the platform provides URLs, then it should be referenced as follows:

Author (Year). Title of software program [Format], Available at: URL . (Accessed: Access Date).

For Example:

In Text Citation: (OpenAI, 2024)

Reference List: OpenAI (2024). ChatGPT 3.5 [Software]. Available at: https://chat.openai.com/share/450c18a2-b49c-4778-a52d-69114963b70a (Accessed: March 5 2024)

If you have used AI-generated content to inform a particular section of an assignment, you should cite its use as though you are referencing any other resource such as a journal article or book.

You should then provide an appendix that shows the prompt you used, and text generated by the AI tool as evidence. Some platforms don’t provide a URL link for each session. If that is the case for the platform that you have used, then you should include a screenshot of the interaction in appendix and reference as follows:

Author (Year). Title of software program [Format]. (Accessed: Access Date). See appendix for prompt used and text generated.

For Example:

In Text Citation: (‎Gemini – chat to supercharge your ideas, 2024)

Reference List: ‎Gemini – chat to supercharge your ideas (2024) Gemini. [Software].  (Accessed: 5 March 2024). See appendix for prompt used and text generated.

To install and use Zotero, please follow the steps below:

Go to www.zotero.org. Download and install Zotero 6.0 for your operating system (Mac or Windows or Linux) on your laptop and the Zotero Connector for your web browser (Chrome, Firefox, or Safari).

When you open Word you should see a Zotero tab in the ribbon; if the tab is not visible you may have to install the plugin manually.

To do so, please follow the instructions available at this Zotero link or contact the librarian for assistance.

Zotero comes with a handful of popular citation styles installed. Please ensure to select 'Cite Them Right 12th edition- Harvard' as your default referencing style.